Pretrial Supervision & Monitoring

Supervision header


Jurisdictions should have a pretrial services program or similar entity that provides supervision and monitoring of defendants released by the court, reminds them of their upcoming court dates, and other court orders.


Supervision services can greatly improve pretrial outcomes by providing appropriate conditions and services for those awaiting trial. Supervision should only be used on those who need it based on individual strengths and weaknesses. Research on the risk principle asserts that over supervision of low risk defendants produces poor outcomes and wastes resources. Common pretrial supervision conditions include checking in with a pretrial case manager, court date reminders, drug testing, GPS supervision, and/or treatment referrals.

American Bar Association Standards

Standard 10-1.10

  develop and provide appropriate and effective supervision for all persons released pending adjudication who are assigned supervision as a condition of release.
ABA Criminal Justice Standards on Pretrial Release Third Edition


Risk Based Pretrial Release Recommendations & Supervision Guidelines
Risk Based Pretrial Release Rec & Superv Guidelines - Danner, VanNostrand, & Spruance 2015.pdf
2.4 MiB

Jefferson County, Colorado, Court Date Notification Program: FTA Pilot Project Summary
Jefferson County Colorado Failure to Appear Pilot Project Summary (2005).pdf
17.3 KiB

State of the Science of Pretrial Release Recommendations and Supervision
PJI State of the Science Pretrial Recommendations and Supervision (2011).pdf
546.2 KiB

Supervised Pretrial Release 1985 Study
Supervised Pretrial Release 1985 Study.pdf
2.1 MiB

529.6 KiB

Queens County Supervised Release Program: Impact on Court Processing and Outcomes
Queens County Supervised Release Program- Impact on Court Processing ad Outcomes - CJA 2013.pdf
253.7 KiB

Court Appearance Notification System: 2007 Analysis Highlights
Multnomah County Oregon - CANS Highlights 2007.pdf
190.5 KiB

Court Appearance Notification System: Evaluation Highlights
Multnomah County Oregon CANS Cost Benefit 2006.pdf
113.3 KiB

Reducing Failure to Appear in Nebraska: A Field Study
Reducing Failure to Appear (Nebraska Lawyer, September 2010).pdf
126.6 KiB