Pretrial Risk Assessment
Jurisdictions should have a pretrial services program or similar entity that conducts a risk assessment on all defendants in custody awaiting the initial appearance in court. Jurisdictions should also have a mechanism to regularly review the pretrial detainee population in the jail to see if circumstances may have changed that could allow for pretrial release.
A high functioning pretrial justice system should conduct a risk assessment and provide supervision for those released pending trial. The pretrial risk assessment should be empirically based and locally validated to be predictive of failure to appear in court and re-arrest while on pretrial status. In addition to assessments to determine pretrial release, specialized assessments such as domestic violence, substance abuse, and mental health evaluations can assist in the release and supervision decision.
American Bar Association Standards
Issue Brief-Pretrial Risk Assessment (May 2015).pdf
Risk Based Pretrial Release Rec & Superv Guidelines - Danner, VanNostrand, & Spruance 2015.pdf
Developing a National Model for Pretrial Risk Assessment - LJAF 2013.pdf
|Author:||Laura and John Arnold Foundation|
|Date:||November 15, 2013|
PJI State of the Science Pretrial Risk Assessment (2011).pdf
This publication is designed for a wide-ranging audience of criminal justice stakeholders who have questions about pretrial risk assessment and its value to the pretrial justice process. The first section of this publication provides a brief review of the history and current state of pretrial justice. The second section looks at critical issues related to pretrial release, detention, and risk assessment. The third section discusses challenges to implementing evidence-based risk assessment and threats to reliable administration, including time constraints and practicality of the risk assessment instrument, money bail schedules, local capacity, subjective risk assessment, and court culture and judicial behavior. The fourth section of the document outlines methodological challenges associated with the prediction of risk. The final section provides recommendations for research and practice. We discuss high priority research activities, the potential for a universal risk assessment instrument, and the need for training and technical assistance.
|Tags:||Research, PJI Reports|
|Date:||March 1, 2011|
CO Pretrial Assessment Tool Report Rev - PJI 2012.pdf
This report describes Colorado’s first empirically-derived multi-jurisdictional pretrial risk assessment instrument, the Colorado Pretrial Assessment Tool (CPAT). The CPAT meets Colorado’s new statutory guidelines, sorts defendants into one of four pretrial risk categories, and has been implemented in several Colorado jurisdictions, with more planned in the near future.
|Tags:||Research, Risk Assessment|
|Date:||September 28, 2012|
Federal Pretrial Risk Assessment Instrument (2010).pdf
2010 KY Risk Assessment Study JFA.pdf
Identifying the Predictors of Pretrial Failure - A Meta Analysis (June 2011).pdf
Ohio Pretrial Risk Assessment 2009.pdf
|Date:||July 2, 2009|